5 DevOps Cloud Best Practices Enterprise Organizations Should Be Following
by Nikki Gannon, on Aug 14, 2019 3:00:00 PM
Cloud computing and DevOps are considered necessities for today’s enterprise organizations, but they are often complicated to implement. Getting the two to work together, let alone focusing on the transition into a DevOps in the cloud organization, can be even more complicated. Without the proper knowledge on how this can be implemented, organizations could end up needlessly wasting a lot of time and money.
To help organizations begin to structure their thinking on how to create a DevOps + Cloud system, we’ve put together a list of DevOps cloud best practices to follow as they move through the process.
1. Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
Infrastructure as code is the methodology of creating source code to mimic server configurations in order to create a Development and/or Testing environment for an application that is the same as the Production environment it will be deployed into. Coding your infrastructure eliminates environment drift, which enables better code quality, effective testing, less wasted time and resources, and reliable applications.
IaC has changed the way developers deploy their environments for their software and web services. This methodology has eliminated the need to deal with hardware configurations and having an in-house infrastructure team and has moved everything to software. This also reduces risk because it limits the amount of people who have access and make changes to their infrastructure.
IaC also manages security and data transmission risks. All of this increases developer efficiency and effectiveness while also increasing developer happiness.
2. Monitor Configuration Drift
Configuration drift occurs when original infrastructure configurations become different or “drift” from their original state. Once a server infrastructure is provisioned, other changes must be made. If you do not make the appropriate changes after this, inconsistencies will begin to surface and eventually impact how your applications function. Configuration drift is a common thing that happens, but when it’s not corrected, your applications are affected. You send an application all the way through to production and suddenly things break and you come to find that it’s because your servers were not configured the same. This resolves in time allocated to getting the servers back on track and retesting the application.
Monitoring configuration drift within large organizations is nearly impossible for large organizations at scale without help from an automated detection tool. A tool like Otter can automate this process and easily monitor configuration drift. Otter continuously monitors servers and notifies you of configuration drift. It allows you to model servers so that they are configured as expected. Otter will notify you when changes are made either inside or outside of Otter. If changes are made in Otter, it will record and monitor any changes made to the server.
3. Automate Performance Testing
Testing an application is an essential component within the application development lifecycle and must be done before any version of an application is released. If there are performance issues, a public cloud may compensate by making additional resources available (which you will then have to pay for). So, failure to do this risk not just a poor application, but additional costs.
Testing ensures that an application meets standards and does what it is designed to do without any issues. However, a manual process is time consuming and errors are often overlooked which results in vulnerabilities, more time, more money, and a less reliable application. By automating your testing process, you can build better applications with less time and effort.
4. Have Fully Automated Deployments
Continuous delivery creates reliable and repeatable processes so teams can build packages once, deploy the same way to every environment, build verification test deployments, and keep environments similar. Automation is one of the reasons this is possible.
Manual deployments can’t guarantee that communication breakdowns, insufficient testing environments, or just plain human error won’t cause huge failures. Automating deployments (as part of a larger automated testing strategy) ensures everything necessary for the deployment to succeed is accounted for.
5. Have a Way to Setup and Enforce Security Permissions
Using a cloud adds additional risks to the deployment process, specifically the security risks of data. Some of these risks include loss or theft of intellectual property, compliance violations, loss of control over end user actions, malware infections, contractual breaches, diminished trust, data breaches, and revenue losses. All these risks are extremely important to address and requires stringent controls throughout the development lifecycle.
A tool like BuildMaster allows you to set security permissions such as issue tracking, user approvals, deployment windows, and automated checks. BuildMaster also integrates with issue tracking and performs automated checks. This helps teams to stop costing their organizations time and money while eliminating errors that occur throughout the development lifecycle.
DevOps and cloud computing are a necessity for today’s enterprise organizations. While transitioning to these and getting them implemented and working together can be a challenging task, it has been proven to help organizations in the long run. Implementing a set of DevOps cloud best practices puts formal processes in place to ensure they get the most out of their investment.
Inedo’s tool suite is completely compatible with all DevOps cloud processes and helps organizations to maximize developer time, minimize release risk, and empower stakeholders to bring their vision to life faster. All with the people and technology you have right now. To get help streamlining your CI/CD processes in and out of the cloud, contact mgoulis.inedo.com
Sources: 9 Cloud Computing Security Risks Every Company Faces, BuildMaster Verify Features, Continuous Delivery, What is Continuous Delivery?, Top 10 Benefits of Automated Testing, What's the Difference Between Automated Testing and Manual Testing?, There’s No Time for Downtime, What is Configuration Drift?, What is Infrastructure as Code? IaC Explained, What is infrastructure as a code? Quora, Security Challenges with IAC And How To Overcome Them